Other nano technologies, like carbon nano tubes, cannot filter between carbon fibers due to their higher length-to-width ratio of 15:1. 3M™ Powerlux™ spherical nanoparticles have a 1:1 length-to-width ratio, uniquely allowing for more than 40 percent of nanoparticles to be uniformly dispersed.
FIG. 1 CAPTION: Getting more nanoparticles between each carbon fiber is the key to the performance enhancements of 3M™ Powerlux™ Composites.
FIG. 2 CAPTION: This SEM image shows the rough, three-dimensional surface area that occurs when a 3MTM PowerluxTM Composite is stressed. The exceptional bond between the particle and the resin significantly hinders cracks from spreading. The result: tougher, stronger rods.
3M Company’s Powerlux™ Composites feature a revolutionary technology that transforms how carbon fiber materials perform. This breakthrough is enabled by 3M’s unique ability to formulate resin systems with high concentrations of spherical nano-sized silica particles. Because the particles are so small, they are able to flow between individual filaments of carbon fiber, providing a dense matrix of strength throughout the entire composite. The resulting material enables designers to develop rods that are not only incredibly strong and durable, but also lighter in weight and more sensitive.
Standard composite materials have lower resin stiffness and are prone to cracking or buckling under the stresses a rod sees during a good day of fishing. The more nanoparticles the resin contains, the higher the crack resistance and overall rod toughness. The Powerlux™ composite material contains an astonishing 40 percent of nanoparticles uniformly dispersed and densely packed throughout the resin.
While other companies have reported adding nano technology to their composite materials, none have been successful at adding more than single-digit percentages. Carbon nano tubes, for example, have a high length-to-width ratio of 15:1, so they are not able to disperse uniformly throughout the carbon fibers as shown in figure below.
3M™ Powerlux™ is truly a game changer that bends the rules of carbon fiber composites. The tiny, spherical nanoparticles create such a strong bond between the carbon fibers that rod stress is more evenly dissipated, leading to a significantly stronger, more durable and more flexible rod. By improving strength and sensitivity, 3M™ Powerlux™ gives you performance when it counts.